3D Camera Survey

The recent availability of affordable ROS-compatible 3D sensors has been one of the fortunate coincidences that has accelerated the spread of ROS. Since the popular the ASUS Xtion Pro Live has been intermittently stocked, check out the field of ROS-compatible 3D sensors to review the contenders.

ASUS® XtionPro™ Live

Type: Structured light
Depth Range: 0.8 to 3.5 m
3D Resolution: 640 x 480
RGB Resolution: 1280 x 1024
Frame Rate: 30 fps
Latency: ~1.5 frames
FOV: 58° H, 45° V
Physical dims: ~180x40x25 mm (head)
Interface: USB 2.0
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Similar internals to the Xbox Kinect 1.0. Intermittent availability for purchase.

Microsoft® Kinect™ 2.0

Type: Time of flight
Depth Range: 0.5 to 4.5 m
3D Resolution: 512 x 424
RGB Resolution: 1920 x 1080
Frame Rate: 30 fps
Latency: 20 ms minimum
FOV: 70° H, 60° V
Physical dims: ~250x70x45 mm (head)
Interface: USB 3.0
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Latency with ROS is multiple frames.
Active cooling.

Intel RealSense R200

Type: Stereo with pattern projector
Depth Range: 0.6 – 3.5 m
3D Resolution: 640 x 480
RGB Resolution: 1920 x 1080
Frame Rate: 60 fps (3D), 30 fps (RGB)
Latency: 1 frame
FOV: 59° H, 46° V
Physical dims: 102x9.5x7 mm
Interface: USB 3.0
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Outdoors capable.

IFM® Efector™ O3D303

Type: Time of flight
3D Resolution: 176 x 132
RGB Resolution: N/A
Depth Range: 0.3 to 8 m
Frame Rate: 25 fps
Latency: 1 frame
FOV: 60° V, 45° H
Physical Dims: 120x95x76 mm
Interface: Ethernet
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Accuracy +/-4 mm. IP65/67 industrial enclosure.

Stereolabs® ZED™

Type: Embedded stereo
3D Resolution: 2208 x 1242 max
RGB: 2208 x 1242 max
Depth Range: 1.5 to 20 m
Frame Rate: 15 fps at max res., 120 fps at VGA res.
Latency: 1 frame
FOV: 96° H, 54° V
Physical Dims: 175x30x33 mm
Interface: USB 3.0
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Latency not confirmed.

Carnegie Robotics® MultiSense™ S7

Type: Embedded stereo
3D Resolution: 2048 x 1088
RGB Resolution: 2048 x 1088 max (7.5 fps)
Depth Range: 0.4 m to infinity
Frame Rate: 15 fps at 2048 x 544
Latency: 1 frame
FOV: 80° H, 45° V
Physical Dims: 130x130x65 mm
Interface: Ethernet
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: IP68 enclosure.

Ensenso® N35-606-16-BL

Type: Structured light
3D Resolution: 1280 x 1024
RGB: 1280 x 1024
Frame Rate: 10 fps
Latency: 1 frame
FOV: 58° H, 52° V
Physical Dims: 175x50x52 mm
Interface: Ethernet
Link to PCL/ROS Driver
Notes: Many other resolutions and FOVs available. IP65/67 enclosure available.

SICK® 3visitor-T™

Type: Time of flight
3D Resolution: 144 x 176
RGB: N/A
Frame Rate: 30 fps
Latency: 66 msec
FOV: 69° H, 56° V
Physical Dims: 162x93x78 mm
Interface: Ethernet
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: IP67 enclosure

Tara-Stereo-Vision-USB3-Camera.jpg

e-Con Systems Tara Stereo Camera

Type: Embedded Stereo Camera
3D Resolution: 752 x 480
RGB: N/A
Frame Rate: 60 fps
Latency: 1 Frame
FOV: 60° H
Physical Dims: 100x30x35 mm
Interface: USB 3.0
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Inbuilt IMU

karmin-front.jpg

Narian SPI

Type: FPGA Stereo Camera
3D Resolution: 640 x 480
RGB: N/A
Frame Rate: 30 fps
Latency: 1 Frame
FOV: Variable
Physical Dims: 105x76x36 mm
Interface: USB 2.0 to cameras, Gigabit Ethernet to Host
Link to ROS Driver
Notes: Resolution up to 1440 x 1072